The Birth of the United States Post Office – During early colonial times most correspondence happened between the colonists and England. The King’s authorities would read and scour all of the information and mail which was being sent. Correspondence between the colonies relied on trusted friends, merchants, or friendly Native Americans.
Around 1639 Richard Fairbanks’ Tavern in Boston, Massachusetts was designated as the official repository of mail by The General Court of Massachusetts (appointed through the King). Using taverns as mail drops was common practice in England, as well as the colonists adopted this practice as well. Local authorities designated by town representatives and Post Office Box Near Me in the colonies, many of which continue to be around today.
In 1673, Governor Francis Lovelace of brand new York set up a monthly mailing post between New York City and Boston. The post rider’s trail became called Old Boston Post Road, which can be a part of today’s U.S. Route 1. Old Post Road in North Attleborough, Massachusetts was thing about this rider’s trail and it is considered one of the oldest roads in America.
In 1683, William Penn, founder of Pennsylvania and a leader inside the Quaker community, established its’ first post office. Slaves or private messengers delivered communications in one plantation to another.
Most significantly, Thomas Neale received a twenty-1 year grant in 1691 from your British Crown to start a North American postal service. Neale had never laid foot on North American soil, so he appointed then Governor Andrew Hamilton of brand new Jersey as his Deputy Postmaster General. Neale’s franchise cost him only 80 cents annually. In 1699, he assigned his interests in America over to Andrew Hamilton and R. West. Neale died heavily in debt due to this endeavor.
By 1707, the British Government had purchased the rights to the North American postal service from the widow of Andrew Hamilton and R. West. The government then appointed Andrew Hamilton’s son, Andrew, as Deputy Postmaster General of America. He served until 1721 when he was succeeded by John Lloyd of Charleston, South Carolina.
In 1730, Alexander Spotswood, a former lieutenant governor of Virginia, became Deputy Postmaster General for America. Seven years later, Spotswood appointed Benjamin Franklin as postmaster of Philadelphia. In 1753, Bejamin Franklin and William Hunter who had been postmaster of Williamsburg, Virginia, were appointed by the British Crown as Joint Postmasters for that colonies. Upon Hunter’s death in 1761, a man called John Foxcroft of New York succeeded him, serving until the outbreak from the Revolutionary War.
Throughout his time being a Joint Postmaster General for your Crown, Benjamin Franklin influenced many important and lasting improvements within the colonial posts. He immediately begun to reorganize the service; he inspected Liteblue inside the North so that as far south as Virginia. New surveys were made, milestones were placed on principal roads, and new and shorter routes were presented. For the first time, post riders carried mail at nighttime between Philadelphia and New York, and also the travel time had been shortened in two.
William Goddard, a publisher, set up a post for colonial only mail service. It was outside of the British crown and was funded by purchasing subscriptions. Net revenues were to be utilized to improve his postal service. In 1774 Goddard suggested to Congress the colonies get together to form a United Postal Service. He thought that this is a method to separate the colonies’ mail from the British postal inspectors. By doing this they might communicate colonial news simply to the colonies. Goddard proposed his notion of a postal service to Congress two years before the Declaration of Independence was signed
By 1774 colonists did not trust the British crown and viewed the royal post office with suspicion. Benjamin Franklin was dismissed of his post duties through the Crown for his actions. The crown believed that Franklin was displaying sympathy to the reason for the colonies. In September 1774, shortly after the Boston riots, known today since the Boston Massacre, the colonies started to outside of England. A Continental Congress was organized at Philadelphia in May 1775 to establish a completely independent government. One of the first questions before the delegates was the best way to convey and provide you with the mail.
With all the Revolutionary War imminent, the Continental Congress assembled and enacted the “Constitutional Post.” This act ensured that communications in between the public and patriots, or those fighting for America’s independence, continued. On July 26, 1775, the Second Continental Congress chose Benjamin Franklin as the nation’s first Postmaster General. The establishment in the organization that became the Post Office Store Hours nearly two centuries later traces back for this date and Ben Franklin. In 1760, Franklin reported a surplus to the British Postmaster General.
Franklin dedicated himself within this position, as well as numerous others, to satisfy George Washington’s imagine an information highway between the citizens and government. Like Goddard, whose idea was to become united, Washington believed, that as a nation, we could forever be bound together with a communication system of roads. When Franklin left office in November of 1776, post fkjiwq operated from Florida to Canada and mail between the colonies and England was operating on the regular schedule.
America’s present day postal service descends from an unbroken line from the system Franklin created, planned, and placed in operation. History rightfully affords him major credit for establishing the foundation in the postal service that has performed magnificently for your American people.