Paper clips are a quite simple invention which was invented thousands of years back by early ancestors who had first worked with iron or tin. It is infamously hard to work with steel particularly when little items like wire for these clips are to be produced.
In reality, these clips were not invented before the 1830s, it was the season when John Ireland Howe, an American doctor invented a machine that produced pins with solid head. Before that, pins were produced by hands that have been not affordable by many people seamstresses at a time when a lot of the clothing was handmade.
Clips (paper) and paper pins are fairly different but concurrently they both use a common purpose, for keeping items clipped or pinned together in an organized manner. After the successful marketing of pins at only some cents per packet rather than expensive handmade pins, the need for pins for holding bundle of papers together became unquenchable.
The Stationery was made after several years in the end of 1867, it had been the Fay paper clip also called the Cinch paper clip. It absolutely was a little length of wire forming the spine of clip in between each bend. The patent was registered in 1867 to Samuel Fay but this paper clip was not extensively available until the starting of another century.
On the other hand, there is another design called Wright paperclip which was invented by Erlman Wright was patented in 1877, however it was marketed because same time. The Wright clip was marketed specifically as a substitute object for stitching pages and holding newspaper together.
A paper clip called Gem paper clip was manufactured in England throughout the early 1880s, this is actually the version which is most common nowadays with two round ends, it was initially imported towards the US in 1892. This clip was eznlso patented in England and the Cushman & Denison company obtained a trademark on the name in 1904.
According to a popular folklore, a Norwegian named Johan Vaaler invented paper clip in 1899 and registered a patent in 1899 in Germany and in 1901 in US. Vaaler had truly designed his clip (paper) and registered for that patents in that year, sadly his designs were not successful and did not worked as there was no torque applied when the clips were held together resulting the clip come lose.
Since several are unaware of Fay and Wright or even the English origin of Gem paperclip, Vaaler was incorrectly declared the inventor of paperclip. The real inventor in the paperclip will be the American – Samuel Fay.