Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease the result of a parasite. Malaria symptoms include fever and flu-like illness, including shaking chills, headache, muscle aches, and tiredness. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea may also occur. Malaria may cause anemia and jaundice (yellow coloring of the skin and eyes) because of the loss of red blood cells. Infection with one type of malaria, Plasmodium falciparum, if not promptly treated, may cause kidney failure, seizures, mental confusion, coma, and death.
Every year 350 to 500 million cases of malaria occur world-wide, and over 1 million people die, most of them small children.
The Anopheles Malaria Mosquito. Where malaria disease can be found depends mainly on climatic factors including temperature, humidity, and rainfall. The primary places that malaria disease is found are; Africa, Madagascar, India and Latin America. Malaria is transmitted in tropical and subtropical areas, where host mosquito, in the genus Anopheles, will be able to survive and multiply. You can find approximately 430 Anopheles mosquito species, only 30 to 40 which transmit the malaria parasite.
Only in places that the malaria parasites can complete its growth cycle in the mosquitoes can humans be infected. There are four types of malaria parasite that will infect humans these are; Plasmodium falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae. The time needed for progression of the parasite inside the mosquito (the extrinsic incubation period) ranges from 10 to 21 days, depending on the parasite species and also the temperature.
Spider poison a scientific breakthrough to combat malaria – Scientists through the University of Maryland have tested a drug from spider poison, a scientific breakthrough that may end the international combat malaria.
Scientists have even reached the spider’s poison that can kill malaria-carrying mosquitoes, when fungi enter in to exposure to insect blood, in a scientific step that may fight other mosquito-borne diseases, such hlomqc dengue fever and zika.
Scientists think that using the same technology some day can fight many other mosquito-borne diseases, including zika and dengue fever.
By using fungus combined with traditional insecticides, scientists believe they could prevent mosquitoes from developing resistance. The identical technology can be utilized once to battle other mosquito-borne diseases, such as zika and dengue fever.